Ovarian Cancer – Detection
There is no simple and reliable methods to detect ovarian cancer in women who have no signs or symptoms.
Screening involves testing to determine whether a disease before symptoms. The cancer screening tests are effective when they can detect the disease early.
Early detection of disease can lead to more effective treatment. Diagnostic tests are used when you have symptoms. The purpose of the tests is to determine, or diagnose the cause of the symptoms, and can also be used to screen individuals that are considered to have a high risk of cancer.
You can use the following tests and procedures:
Pelvic exam: An exam of the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and elrecto. The doctor or nurse inserts one or two lubricated, gloved finger into the vagina with the other hand while lightly pressing on the abdomen to feel the size, shape and position of the uterus and ovaries.
It also inserts a speculum into the vagina and the doctor or nurse can visually examine the vagina and cervix, and any signs of disease. Usually performs a Pap test or Pap smear. The doctor or nurse will also introduce a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to feel for lumps or áreasanormales.
Pelvic exam. The doctor or nurse inserts one or two lubricated, gloved fingers into the vagina and presses on the lower abdomen with the other hand. This is done to feel the size, shape and position of the uterus and ovaries. We also review the vagina, cervix, fallopian tubes, and rectum.
Ultrasound: A procedure in which sound waves are bounced high energy (ultrasonic) entejidos or internal organs creating echoes. The echoes form a picture of body tissues called a sonogram. The picture can be printed for further analysis. It can unaecografía abdominal or transvaginal ultrasound.
Abdominal ultrasound. He spends a transducer connected to a computer on the surface of the abdomen. The ultrasound transducer bounces sound waves off internal organs and tissues to make echoes that form a sonogram (computer picture).
Transvaginal ultrasound. It is inserted into the vagina An ultrasound probe connected to a computer and moves smoothly to show different organs. The probe bounces sound waves off internal organs and tissues to make echoes that form a sonogram (computer picture).
CA-125 test: A test to measure the level of CA 125 in the blood. CA 125 is a substance released by cells in the bloodstream. An elevated CA 125 level is sometimes a sign of cancer or other condition.
Barium enema: A series of x-rays of the lower gastrointestinal tract. A liquid that contains barium (a metallic compound gray-white) in the rectum. The barium coats the lower gastrointestinal tract and x-rays taken.
Intravenous pyelogram (IVP): A series of x-rays of the kidneys, ureters and bladder to determine if the cancer has spread to these organs. Dye is injected into a vein. As the dye moves through the kidneys, ureters and bladder, x-rays are taken to determine if there are any blockages.
CT scan (CAT scan): A procedure that makes a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body, taken from different angles. The pictures are made by a computer linked to an x-ray machine It can be injected or given to drink a dye to help the organs or tissues show up more clearly. This procedure is also called computed tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography.
Biopsy: The removal of cells or tissues for a pathologist to examine under a microscope for signs of cancer. The tissue is extracted by llamalaparotomía a procedure (surgical incision made in the abdominal wall).
It is recommended that:
Know your body so you can identify normal for you.
If you notice any changes in your body that is not normal for you and that may be a sign of ovarian cancer, talk to your doctor about possible causes, such as cancer.